Diskectomy: The surgical removal of a herniated disk. A diskectomy can be performed in a number of different ways, such as through a large incision in the spine or through newer, less invasive procedures using magnifying microscopes, x-rays, small tools and lasers.
Kyphoplasty: A procedure for vertebral fractures in which a balloon-like device is inserted into the vertebra to help restore the height and shape of the spine and a cement-like substance is injected to repair and stabalize it.
Laminectomy: The surgical removal of the lamina (the back of the spinal canal) and spurs inside the canal that are pressing on nerves within the canal.
Spinal Fusion: The surgical joining of two or more vertebrae together, usually with bone grafts and hardware. The resulting fused vertebrae are stable but immobile. Spinal fusion is used as a treatment for spondylolisthesis, scoliosis, herniated disks and spinal stenosis.
Vertebroplasty: A minimally invasive surgical procedure that involves injecting a cement-like mixture into a fractured vertebra to relieve pain and stabilize the spine.