The thyroid is a hormone gland located in the lower part of the neck. A variety of lesions can grow on the thyroid that might make it necessary for the gland to be partially or totally removed. Thyroid cancer is one example.
The parathyroids are four small glands in the neck that regulate calcium in the body. Occasionally, one or more of them may overproduce their hormone and may need to be removed.
Both procedures are performed in the operating room under general anesthesia, and most patients stay in the hospital over night for recovery.